The Treaty of Kadesh is the world’s earliest peace treaty that is still extant. It was signed by Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses the Great and Hittite Great King Hattusili in approximately 1259 BC, making it over three thousand years old.
Conflict Theory was developed by Karl Marx. It claims that society is in constant conflict due to competition for limited resources. Social order in society is upheld through a status quo defined by domination of power rather than consensus.